HistoricLectionary.com has been in existence for many years. We have tried to provide resources, sermons, propers, and other information that is of benefit to churches and pastors who are using the historic one-year lectionary of the Western Church.
It has, however, been somewhat dormant for the last few years. Since my move to California five years ago, my ability and time to commit to this web site has gone down, and I don’t see this changing anytime soon. It also costs some money to maintain. Not a lot, but enough so that I know it’s happening.
So I have come to the conclusion that I need to bequeath HL to someone else.
If you are interesting in taking over management, maintaining donations, finding and helping editors, etc., please contact me.
There is huge potential here, and we have a good “brand” at this point that seems a shame to lose because of my lack of time.
Thanks to all of our loyal readers over the past 7-8 years or so! I look forward to the next chapter, and can’t wait to see what happens yet.
Message me either through the contact sheet on HL or through Facebook or Twitter, and we can talk.
All the best,
Sermon on Acts 2:1-13 and St. John 14:23-31
+ Jesu Juva +
We have just sung in Martin Luther’s Pentecost hymn, “Come, Holy Ghost, God and Lord! Be all Thy graces now outpoured!” God’s graces are richly poured out on us this day, for there are three major angles on Pentecost in the Sacred Scriptures. Pentecost is the harvest festival in Leviticus, the time that Israel counted fifty (pentecoste) days after the sickle was first put to the grain and enjoyed a harvest festival to the Lord. In later Jewish tradition, Pentecost celebrated the giving of the Law on Mt. Sinai, when God first made a people for Himself. In the NT, Pentecost is the day the Holy Spirit came upon the Apostles in special measure, sending their sound out into all lands and their words into the ends of the world. This morning, we will explore all three aspects of Pentecost: the harvest of souls, the giving of the law, and the coming of the Holy Spirit.
Pentecost is the harvest festival. We read in Leviticus that Pentecost was also called the Feast of Weeks, for it was celebrated seven weeks after the beginning of the harvest. You do the math: seven days x seven weeks = 49 days, plus one for the great day of salvation = 50 days, the number of jubilee and freedom in the OT. And so the Lord commanded Israel to bring from their homes an offering from the harvest–bread, lambs, drink, and a sacrificial goat. The priest waved the offering before the Lord and proclaimed a holy convocation for Israel, a Sabbath day on which no work should be done. Pentecost was proclaimed “a statute forever in all your dwellings throughout your generations,” for “I am the Lord your God” (Lev 23:15-22). If you’re thinking that this sounds a little like our Thanksgiving, you’re absolutely right. Pentecost, the Feast of Weeks and the festival of harvest, said that the Lord gave Israel her manna, her daily bread. It said that the Lord who created them would “richly and daily provided all that [they needed] for this body and life,” as Martin Luther puts it. It acknowledged the Lord God as the Lord of the harvest and it looked forward to the greater harvest of believers in Christ.
In the NT, Pentecost is the harvest of souls. Fifty days after the sickle was put to the grain; fifty days after Jesus was hung on a cross; fifty days after the promised Seed had been buried in the ground and sprouted to life the third day, there was a harvest of souls for Christ. Jesus said, “Unless a grain of wheat falls into the ground and dies, it remains alone; but if it dies, it produces much grain” (Jn 12:24). And so Jesus, the seed of Israel, was crucified, dead, and buried as the promised seed; yet He rose to life on the third day and promised a mighty harvest to come. Today’s second lesson from Acts tells us about the beginning of that harvest. “Now there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men from every nation under heaven.” You heard the roll call of tongue-twisting names: Parthians, Medes, Elamites, and many more. The word “ecumenical” comes from a Greek word that means the entire inhabited world, and that’s exactly what God had gathered in Jerusalem on the most important Pentecost of them all. Each one heard the Gospel in his own language, the good news of Jesus’ death and resurrection, and the call to repent and be baptized. “And about three thousand souls were added to them” (Acts 2:41) and “they continued steadfastly in the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, in the breaking of bread, and in prayers” (Acts 2:42).
So it is for us. The harvest festival of the OT and its fulfillment in Acts 2 has never ended. It continues in our midst to this very day. Every gathering of the faithful to give thanks to God for all His benefits; every sermon of full-strength law and full-strength gospel; and every baptism is the continuation of Pentecost. God calls, gathers, enlightens, and sanctifies His baptismal family throughout the world, and He devotes us to His doctrine and fellowship, to His Blessed Sacrament and His prayers. As we have just sung:
Lord, by the brightness of Thy light / Thou in the faith dost men unite
Of ev’ry land and ev’ry tongue; This to Thy praise, O Lord, our God, be sung.– TLH 224.1
Pentecost is the festival of the giving of the Law. In later Jewish tradition, Pentecost was celebrated seven weeks to the day after the Passover Sabbath, to celebrate the giving of the Law at Mt. Sinai, where God made a people for Himself. Recall from Exodus that in the third month after Israel left Egypt, they came to the wilderness of Sinai. And what’s the first thing that God did for His people after the exodus? He gave them His Law and made them His own. And so Moses went up to God on Mt. Sinai to receive the commandments of the Lord. God said, “Now, therefore, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be a special treasure to Me above all people . . . a kingdom of priests and a holy nation” (Ex 19:5-6). And on the third day, the day of new life, thunder and lightning and clouds covered the people as Moses stood at the foot of the mountain to receive the Law of the Lord. “And God spoke all these words, saying, ‘I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. You shall have no other gods before me’” (Ex 20:1-2). You know the rest of the story – the blood of the atonement sprinkled on the people, the extended commentary on the Law in Deuteronomy (literally the “Second Law”), and the fulfillment of the Law in Christ.
In the NT, Peter gave full-strength Law to the Pentecost pilgrims. Fifty days after the great Passover of our Lord; fifty days after the Lamb of God was killed and eaten; fifty days after Jesus rose to life on the third day, the Law was preached through St. Peter to work repentance in the hearts of the Pentecost pilgrims. Just after today’s Epistle, Peter gave his famous Pentecost sermon, which has lost none of its weight because the truth never changes. I invite you to read all of Acts 2 this week. Peter said, “Men of Judea and all who dwell in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and heed my words.” After quoting selected passages from the OT and preaching their fulfillment in the death and resurrection of the Messiah, Peter cut to the heart: “Let all the house of Israel know assuredly that God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ” (Acts 2:36). Yes, the Messiah you rejected; the preacher and miracle worker whom you tried to stone; the bloody, beaten, unsightly criminal on the cross whom you thought was dead and gone, He has risen from the dead, ascended into heaven, and sits at the right hand of God as both Lord and Christ. Therefore, “Repent, and let everyone one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins” (Acts 2:38). And, crushed under the weight of the Law, many believed and were baptized.
So it is for you and me. Pentecost reminds us on the fiftieth day after Jesus rose on the third day that God has given the Law to us for our good. As Moses received the Law on the third day after the Lord promised it, and as many were crushed to repentance when Jesus rose on the third day, so we receive the Law of God because it is good for us. We meditate on the Ten Commandments to prepare ourselves for confession. We hear the Law read aloud in Scripture lessons and preached in sermons. And it’s all for the sake of the gospel of full and free forgiveness in Christ. For we know what’s coming to the repentant: forgiveness of sins, rescue from death and the devil, and eternal salvation for all who believe. Again, from Martin Luther’s Pentecost hymn:
From ev’ry error keep us free; Let none but Christ our Master be
That we in living faith abide, In Him, our Lord, with all our might confide. — TLH 224.2
Pentecost is the festival of the coming of the Holy Spirit. Today’s OT lesson from Joel predicts the coming of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost. After promising the restoration of Israel and a new kingdom under the Messiah, the Lord spoke through the prophet Joel, saying, “I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh.” Moreover, “Your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, and your young men see visions. Even on the male and female servants in those days I will pour out my Spirit.” To be sure, the Holy Spirit was alive and well in the OT. He was present at creation in Genesis 1–2, hovering over the waters and keeping the creation in check. He was present every time the Word of God was spoken, delivering the Word to the ears of the faithful and creating repentance and faith. But Joel promised the Holy Spirit in abundance, especially in the days after Jesus’ ascension, when His disciples would not be able to see Jesus with their eyes. In that day, in the day that Jesus sends the Holy Spirit, there will be wonders in heaven and on earth, blood and fire and columns of smoke, the sun turned to darkness and the moon to blood, all in preparation for the day of the final judgment.
In the NT, Jesus promises and delivers the Holy Spirit in full measure. In today’s Gospel lesson, Jesus says, “The Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.” About fifty days after this promise of the Spirit; fifty days after the Spirit proclaimed the resurrection through the voice of the angels; fifty days after Jesus rose from the dead in the power of the Spirit, “suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a might rushing wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting.” The wind said that the Spirit was alive and active, powerful enough to crush you in repentance and resurrect you to new life in Christ. “And divided tongues as of fire appeared to them and rested on each of them.” The tongues meant that these Apostles would preach the word with their mouths. The fire proclaimed that their word was also alive and well, working repentance and creating faith. “And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance.” It was no human effort to “grow the church” that day. Rather, it was the work of the Holy Spirit, blowing mightily through Jerusalem to tell everyone the good news that God was for them in Christ.
So it is for us. To be sure, there is no command in Acts to try to repeat the details of this Pentecost. There is no need to look for a literal wind, visible tongues of fire, or the gift of speaking in tongues. The original grammar of the NT makes it quite clear that these details were given one time, not to be duplicated. But the theology of this event – the Spirit working through the preached Word in every language – continues to this day. Pentecost carries on every time we hear the good news that Christ, the One crucified for crimes He never committed, is our Lord and Savior. It happens every time the preacher invites the unbaptized to baptism and the baptized to the Lord’s Supper; through the translation, distribution, and study of Bibles, catechisms, and hymnals in every language; in bilingual services, even those that require patience and charity among those who are not used to them; in short, Pentecost carries on every time someone hears in their native language the mighty works of God in Christ. Once more from Martin Luther’s Pentecost hymn:
Thou holy Fire, Comfort true, Grant us the will Thy work to do
And in Thy service to abide; Let trials turn us not aside. — TLH 224.3
Well, as we said at the beginning, Pentecost is a day of all God’s graces being poured out on the faithful: the harvest of souls, the giving of the Law, and the coming of the Holy Spirit. It’s all fulfilled “on each believer’s mind and heart” this day in Christ as He gathers His church from the ends of the earth, preaches His Word through the mouths of His pastors, and gives us the Holy Spirit to teach us all things and bring to our remembrance all that Jesus has said. And so this day we pray, “Come, Holy Spirit, fill the hearts of your faithful people, and kindle in them the fire of your love” (Antiphon). INJ. Amen.
Rev. Brian Hamer
Redeemer Lutheran Church
In the Name of the Father and of the + Son and of the Holy Spirit
There are actually three miracles in today’s Gospel. The first is the healing of the leper. The second is the healing of the centurion’s servant. The third and greatest miracle is the faith of these two men, especially the centurion. Even Jesus was astonished at this Gentile’s faith. If Jesus Himself is astonished at the centurion’s faith, then this must be a miracle and worth contemplating. True faith in Jesus Christ is a divine miracle.
First, let’s consider the leper. He had little opportunity to hear and learn God’s Word because of his leprosy. He was excluded from the community because of his disease. Perhaps he heard the Word as a youth, but as he grew older and leprosy contaminated his flesh he was not able to hear the Word with family or with neighbors. Maybe he had only heard our Lord’s Sermon on the Mount, which concluded in Matthew chapter seven. At any rate, this leper truly believed Jesus could and would make him clean from leprosy. The leper believed Jesus is God and Messiah. This is a miracle – a miracle of faith.
The centurion had even greater obstacles to faith. He was a Gentile, a soldier, and lived in Capernaum, a very wicked city. Jesus says about Capernaum in Matthew chapter 11: will you be exalted to heaven? You will be brought down to Hades. For if the mighty works done in you had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day. Even with three strikes against him, this centurion has great faith, so great that Jesus cannot help but be astonished about it. The centurion believes Jesus can help where no other man can help, for his servant was sick unto death. Doctors gave up on him, but he believes Jesus is able to do what doctors cannot do.
What is more, the centurion adds these words to his request: Lord, I am not worthy to have you come under my roof, but only say the word, and my servant will be healed. This is truly remarkable faith! No wonder Jesus was astonished. The centurion believes Jesus does not need to be present in order to heal his servant. This is as much a divine miracle as the healing itself.
Consider these words from the author of the epistle to the Hebrews: Faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. Faith has to do with nothing but unseen divine things, yet faith is certainly irrefutable. You have by nature a heart that is set apart from God and all heavenly things, a heart that is full of unbelief, hatred of God, pride, self-righteousness, blindness, and folly, Though you recognize yourself as an accursed sinner before God, you, like the centurion, embrace God as your dear Father with confidence because of the merit of Jesus Christ’s blood and righteousness. Jesus is your Savior just as He is the Savior of the centurion and the leper. That is as much a miracle as the two healings in today’s Gospel.
Though faith has to do with unseen divine things, it is worked through means: the seemingly inconspicuous Biblical Word, the Gospel of a crucified Christ. Saint Paul says in 1 Corinthians chapter two: The natural person does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned. No wonder so many wise men of the world laugh at Holy Scripture. They want to master the Word rather than let the Word master them. Faith is also worked through the easily despised means of Baptism, Absolution, and the Lord’s Supper. Every baptism, every word of absolution, every time you eat and drink Christ’s true Body and true Blood, is a miracle. Consider an infant baptism. It is amazing that a little child comes to faith through baptismal water. That little child has the kingdom of heaven, just as Jesus says: Let the children come to me; do not hinder them, for to such belongs the kingdom of God.
Consider also the effect of faith on the leper and the centurion. The leper came to Him and knelt before Him, saying, “Lord, if you will, you can make me clean.” The leper completely submits to God’s will. He is ready to suffer patiently for a while longer if that is the Lord’s will. That last part about patiently suffering is something we often forget as Christians. God’s will may be for you to endure an affliction patiently for a while in order to humble you. He also may be trying to teach you patience under the cross. Whatever the reason, we still pray that difficult, yet comforting petition, Thy will be done on earth, as it is in heaven.
The centurion is not used to humbling himself before anyone. Usually it is the other way around. He tells Jesus, I too am a man under authority, with soldiers under me. And I say to one, “Go,” and he goes, and to another, “Come,” and he comes, and to my servant, “Do this,” and he does it. The centurion does not have to be kind to the people of Capernaum. He is a Roman soldier. He could have nothing to do with them. Yet the centurion does care for his slave as other Gentiles perhaps would not. Consider also in Luke’s account of today’s Gospel that some Jewish elders came to our Lord to ask Him to heal the centurion’s servant. The reason why is that [the centurion] is worthy to have you do this for him, for he loves our nation, and he is the one who built us our synagogue. Whoever heard of a Gentile showing such love to Jews? We do here. This centurion puts all of us to shame.
Faith brings a change of heart. We see this in all the good things the centurion does for the people of Capernaum. Martin Luther saw the unbroken connection between faith and good works in his preface to Paul’s Epistle to the Romans. Faith is a living, daring confidence on God’s grace, so sure and certain that a man would stake his life on it a thousand times. This confidence in God’s grace and knowledge of it makes men glad, bold, and happy in dealing with God and all His creatures; and this is the work of the Holy Ghost in faith. Hence a man is ready and glad, without compulsion, to do good to everyone, to serve everyone, to suffer everything, in love and praise to God, who has shown him this grace; and thus it is impossible to separate works from faith, quite as impossible as to separate heat and light from fire. Beware, therefore, of your own false notions and of the idle talkers, who would be wise enough to make decisions about faith and good works, and yet are the greatest fools. Pray God to work faith in you; else you will remain forever without faith, whatever you think or do.
True faith in Jesus Christ is a divine miracle. Only God can work such faith in His Gifts. This faith then shows itself with love toward both God and men. Though we are not worthy of this gift, we receive it in hearing and keeping His Word in preaching. We receive what the Word bestows: forgiveness of sins and eternal life. These are greater gifts than healing from leprosy or sickness unto death. Healing from earthly illness is the icing on the cake. We have everlasting healing of our soul because of Jesus’ death and resurrection. Believe it for His sake.
In the Name of the Father and of the + Son and of the Holy Spirit
In the Name of the Father and of the + Son and of the Holy Spirit
Psalm 107 says, He sent out his word and healed them, and delivered them from their destruction. Our problem with that verse is that God’s time and our time are not the same. If there is something that is difficult for us in times of tribulation, it is when we seek help and can’t find it. There are times when help is absent just longer than we want it. These are the times when true faith shows itself. True faith waits patiently for the Lord’s time.
We are impatient with God. We murmur and blaspheme Him when He’s tardy with help…or never seems to show up with help. This doesn’t mean that we should never ask the Lord to hurry up. Daniel once prayed to God, O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive. O Lord, pay attention and act. Delay not, for your own sake, O my God, because your city and your people are called by your name. What is not true faith is when we put time constraints on God or, worse yet, stop asking for His help. Patient endurance is a characteristic of true faith in Jesus Christ. He lets us sweat it for a while in order that we rejoice in His merciful goodness when He answers prayer. The delay of divine help is an exercise of faith in Christ.
Our Lord’s first miracle at the wedding in Cana gives clear evidence for divine delayed gratification. The lack of wine at the wedding is a picture of all of our distresses, all our days of suffering, the tests and temptations that come over us. Our Lord’s answer to all these ills is My hour has not yet come.
Perhaps the first thing we think when our Lord delays help is that He will not help or that He could not help. Maybe we think that His loving hand that always remains open to us has now closed into a fist. Worse yet, perhaps His love for us has cooled.
Not so. Consider how Jesus deals with His mother. We’ve been taught, and rightly so, that it is improper to talk back to your mother. Jesus seems to talk back to Mary when He tells her, Woman, what does this have to do with Me? My hour has not yet come. Jesus is putting her faith to the test here. Jesus wants to see whether she believes that her Son is also God and Lord. Is Mary willing to put aside her motherly privilege and take instruction from her Son? The answer is yes.
Are you willing to take instruction from Jesus when He delays His help? In happy days, being a good Christian seems easy. After all, we have a faith that can move mountains even if faith is as small as a mustard seed. Jesus Himself says so. Then God puts a cross on us. When we beg for help, Jesus suddenly seems to be deaf. When we bear our crosses and ask Jesus for help, then the rubber hits the road, so to speak, when it comes to patient waiting. This is what separates heroes of the faith from fair-weather Christians.
Mary casts off all signs of being a fair-weather believer in her Son. She tells the servants, Do whatever He tells you. She knows He will help, but only in His hour and not her hour. What seems to be a setback for Mary actually helps her to realize her unworthiness. The same thing happens to us when help is delayed. We seem only to ask God for something when we need it. When we ask, and what we ask for doesn’t appear right away, we perhaps notice that God owes us nothing. Nevertheless we ask, for Jesus wants us to ask. He tells His disciples in Luke chapter 11, Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, and to the one who knocks it will be opened.
The most striking proof of strengthened faith in divine delay is the fact that His disciples believed in Him after Jesus changed water into wine. Before this moment they believed, but their faith was a smoldering wick. Now that they saw that He desires to help, but only in His time, their faith is strong. So it is today with us. Our faith in Jesus wanes when it seems that He won’t help. But when that help comes, even when that help is not exactly what we asked, what joy we have in believing!
Notice again what Mary tells Jesus: They have no wine. She makes her request, but she doesn’t dictate anything to Him. Mary gives her Son a free hand. We also give the Lord a free hand. We make our requests known to Him, but we let the way, time, and hour of His help to His discretion. We are unafraid to ask for what we desire because we believe Jesus hears us and will answer us. King David says in Psalm 27, You have said, “Seek my face.” My heart says to you, “Your face, LORD, do I seek.” Even when Jesus does not answer right away, we wait with patience for His answer. He promises to hear. He promises to help, even when crosses burden us with suffering and pain.
Consider Mary again when Jesus seems to sass her. She doesn’t slap Him. She doesn’t reprimand Him in front of the wedding guests. She doesn’t grumble when Jesus tells her to wait. She embodies Solomon’s proverb: Hope deferred makes the heart sick, but a desire fulfilled is a tree of life. All of us have seen this play out in our lives. We have our own hopes that we lay before the Lord in prayer. We would like to see those hopes come true soon. But nothing happens, at least the way we see it. When our desires are fulfilled, we give thanks to God for His never-ending mercy. We also believe that we can return to Him in prayer at any time to ask again.
The prophet Isaiah says, In returning and rest you shall be saved; in quietness and in trust shall be your strength. When divine delay occurs, do not despair. Listen again to King David in Psalm 27: Wait for the LORD; be strong, and let your heart take courage; wait for the LORD! Simeon waited for the Lord many years, and His patience was rewarded as God kept His promise to Simeon. He would not die before seeing the Lord’s Christ.
At Cana it happened with the miracle of water into wine. At Golgotha it happened with the shedding of blood. At Joseph of Arimathea’s tomb it happened with Christ bursting from His three-day prison. In bread and wine and Word we eat the modern-day miracle of Christ’s Body and Blood given and shed for the forgiveness of sins. In water and Word we are united to Christ’s death and life while our sins are washed clean. Faith is gloriously crowned on those who wait for His response to our prayers. While we wait for His next appearance, we cling to the words of Psalm 66: Come and see what God has done: he is awesome in his deeds toward the children of man.
In the Name of the Father and of the + Son and of the Holy Spirit